The Jujube tree (Ziziphus zizyphus) is also known as the Chinese date. It is a smaller tree or shrub reaching 15’ – 20’ tall and 10’ – 15’ wide. With regular water it can add 2’ – 3’ of growth annually. Leaves are a glossy-green so it makes a very beautiful canopy. Some varieties have 1 inch spines on their branches.
The Jujube tree produces a small fruit that can be round to oblong or egg shaped and at maturity, are brown skinned and look like little apples. Fruits may be eaten at this time and are similar to an apple but less sweet and juicy. After the season’s first frosts the fruits shrivel and turn a darker reddish brown.
The shriveled fruits are typically sweeter and chewier, resembling “dates”.
Jujube fruits can persist on trees into the winter months
as seen in the photo below after a snowstorm.
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Photos & Narrative By:
Staff Plant Physiologist
Trees That Please Nursery
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